Category Archive : Legal Law

After staring at my computer for three long hours, listening to Peter White’s Just Another Day over and over again on iTunes, it suddenly hit me! How our whole world has been filled with words. They come in sets, although some are effective in their unique forms, and all are stored in our individual brains. We use them to survive, to communicate. So I thought to myself, why not write about a good set of words? And what better set than what we all know as cliché.

Old cliches have played a vital role in our existence as people. I wonder if this thought has ever crossed his mind. How does one seem to automatically think of a good cliché to describe situations? Let me focus on the term “a ray of light” for a moment. John Milton’s phrase, better known as “every cloud has a ray of light” is best described in Wikipedia (the people’s encyclopedia) as a metaphor for optimism and categorized as an idiom. Added is George Lansbury’s cartoon drawing of a man experiencing heavy rain, protected by his “Brolski,” as he called it, with the word incorruptibility written on the umbrella. Delving into this cliche, this pun. Then I realized how great his role has been in the life of an ordinary person! Warn him of the disappointments of life. Like the mention of this metaphor every time we miss the morning bus, arrive late for an important meeting, lose a job, there seems to be an endless list of situations where this phrase could better serve its good purpose. Well worth keeping intact in one’s data bank as a weapon to handle the unsuspecting Oh my gosh! events.

Moving further, let’s take a deeper look at “a ray of light” as a member of the long list as something similar to a sentence. In a situation where a loved one is lost, be it a friend, a lover, a neighbor, or even a dog. Wouldn’t these three words work well for anyone like a sentence would? Doesn’t it give us the same feeling of being saved from a bad feeling? As the dissection progresses, I begin to realize how powerful “a ray of light” is proving to be. Three simple words, requiring a clear definition, and once their meaning is clearly understood, they can be used as an effective tool of some kind.

The other week a good friend told me a story. He heard a light knock on his bedroom door and was pleasantly surprised to discover that it was his mother. She says, “Let’s talk.” So he walks away from my computer and follows his mother into the kitchen. That place in your home that has become your heart, as in most of our homes. They had been waiting for a large property sale. Her mother has been working on this project for years and it was clearly a good time for her efforts to pay off. It was also a deal that would solve most of his current difficulties and pave the way to a more comfortable life. His mother, beaming with pride, announces that they are about to close a great deal and that all the documents are being prepared, including a paycheck. By this time, all the other members of their family had joined them, and they had all been enthusiastic about the great “blessing.” They were a Catholic family and most of the fortune was attributed to blessings.

The whole family now moves to the next step of looking for a house to buy, calling all 20 real estate brokers. Everyone gets in their car and drives from house to house, from corridor to corridor. Check which house was the best, at the most reasonable price. Even before they closed their eyes to sleep, all their thoughts were on the next closing of this great deal. A week goes by and the same thing happens. Mom knocks on her daughter’s bedroom door, but this time it wasn’t good news. The buyer had momentarily backed down! Ah, a true gosh moment! Now, almost crying mother and daughter sit together in the same kitchen and automatically say: “It could be a blessing of some kind, God surely has something better for us all.” If this mother and child had been Americans, they would surely have used “a ray of light” to save them both from heartbreak and disappointment.

This story clearly shows us how our star-star “a ray of light” has power and weight in even the simplest people, homes, and situations. I could tell another story, this time taking place in the highest court in the country, but it would make my story too long and I don’t want to bore you.

To end this text, I hope to have given “a ray of light” the tribute to its existence in our lives. Hope to see you again when I move to the top second star on my list of old cliches. But until then, remember to keep these three words and their meaning close. They are free and easy to use.

When people discuss the use of animals in research, also called vivisection, there are those who defend animals and those who defend research.

Animal advocates point to the obvious suffering researchers often inflict on animals and claim that this cruelty is morally unjustifiable. Furthermore, they argue that human responses cannot necessarily be predicted on the basis of animal studies, making the best animal model nothing more than an unreliable analogy to human function. Finally, they promote the replacement of animal testing by non-animal research techniques. In short, this group would say that animal research is inaccurate, unnecessary, and cruel.

On the other hand, there are researchers who use animals and claim that such research is essential for science to advance and help cure diseases. They assure the public that they are doing everything possible to reduce animal suffering, as long as it is avoidable. And they firmly affirm that while they recognize the limitations of animal models, there is no better alternative. They insist that when it comes to fighting disease, it is better to first test medications and treatments on an animal, such as a dog, than on a human, such as your child. In short, this group would say that animal research is minimally cruel, essential to the advancement of medicine, and can save human lives.

Which position is correct? The answer depends on your mood.

I was trained in biochemistry and human medicine. In both fields, animal research is the standard, and the results of animal studies make up the bulk of medical knowledge. I would once have championed animal research, as my professors, who were animal researchers themselves, had told me over and over again how animal experiments save human lives. If the end justifies the means, they explained, then killing dogs to save children is acceptable and necessary, even if it is in bad taste. After all, we are dealing with human life and death. Animal sacrifice was a necessary evil.

But throughout my training and research, my soul cried silently every time an animal was “sacrificed” on the altar of medicine. How could a healing profession, presumably dedicated to ending human suffering, promote a methodology that causes suffering to animals? Can we trust that a healthcare system will treat us with compassion when it shows none for innocent and defenseless creatures?

In the end, I realized the essence of the animal research problem. Medicine is a field unlike any other because it deals with life and death. When people suffer, there are extreme feelings of urgency and anxiety that can lead to extreme conclusions about what is right and what is wrong. However, the ethics one uses for life and death decisions are not normal, everyday moral judgments. They are the ethics of lifeboats. And the conclusions reached in a lifeboat are not normal conclusions.

The classic example of lifeboat ethics is that you are in a boat with other people, presumably the survivors of an accident in the ocean, and there is a need for some people to be sacrificed to save others. For example, let’s say the ship can only carry 3 people without sinking, and there are 4 people on board. The lifeboat ethic asks how to decide who should be thrown overboard to save others. As another example, we’ve all heard of plane crash survivors who have had to resort to cannibalism to avoid starvation. For someone contemplating this lifeboat situation, the question is not whether someone should be eaten, but who should be eaten. Broadly speaking, lifeboat ethics address decisions about who to help and who to harm. The belief in impending disaster unless someone is sacrificed to save others is a basic assumption of lifeboat ethics.

Of course, if people can resort to cannibalism when faced with a life or death situation, then they will have no problem killing animals if it means saving themselves from some terrible disease. Once they believe that their lives are at stake, that they are in a lifeboat situation, then they are mentally prepared to make sacrifices in the name of survival. Animal researchers, who are the lifeboat captains of this disease, offer animal sacrifices as a substitute for humans.

But is it really a lifeboat situation? We all face the possibility of illness and death every day as part of the normal risks in life. Is it correct to call life itself a lifeboat situation?

The answer to this depends on who answers. Fearful, negative, and pessimistic people view life as a lifeboat fight against illness and death. Happy, positive and optimistic people see life as just … life.

Those in the business of medical research and treatment benefit most when people are fearful, anxious, and desperate. Animal researchers who argue that it is a dog or your child are selling in fear. The medical / pharmaceutical industry uses fear to keep people addicted to doctors and drugs, willing to obey medical authority and accept its practices, including the use of animals in research. Fearful and desperate people accept any cost, financial and moral. When you are convinced that you are in a lifeboat, you want salvation at any cost. Meanwhile, people are ignorant of how their body works and how to prevent disease, as ignorance keeps people fearful, bewildered, and sick.

Fortunately, not everyone sees life in terms of emergencies. And that’s a good thing, since the lifeboat ethic is a suspension of normal, decent moral behavior. Desperate people are dangerous. They are willing to kill if it means you or them. We don’t want a society where everyone runs around feeling this way. If you are not afraid to the point of being able to justify the slaughter, then animal research will clearly appear morally wrong. Anyone with any sensitivity who has ever befriended a dog, cat, bird, mouse, or even a rat will find that animals have feelings and can experience suffering. For any mentally healthy person, it is wrong to make others suffer. It shouldn’t matter what species they are. Of course, this assumes that he is not in a terrible panic, willing to do anything, even kill, if it means saving himself.

If we can all be decent human beings with some compassion for other creatures, then of course we should use non-animal research methods. Animal research is only considered a standard as it has historically been used as such. It is imperfect at best. And one of its greatest deficiencies is that it blinds us to the true cause of the disease, which has nothing to do with animals and with humans.

For years, the World Health Organization has said that the biggest cause of illness and death in modern times is our lifestyle. This means that our lifestyle and the culture that defines it are making us sick. Of course, you cannot model human culture on animals. It is a human phenomenon. Clearly, we can learn more about our problems by studying ourselves. By addressing our exposure to stress, chemical pollution, a toxic diet, legal and illegal drugs, alcohol, tobacco, tight clothing, electromagnetic radiation, and myriad other cultural factors that make us sick, we can better control our health and maintain ourselves. away from the disease. lifeboat. We could prevent disease by taking responsibility for healthy living, instead of feeling desperate and doing anything, even making a deal with the devil, to find a cure.

I left medicine to dedicate my life to finding human lifestyle solutions to human health problems. I look at the way we treat ourselves, the environment, and the creatures with whom we share the planet. And it is clear that we live in a sick culture. We are our worst enemy. And the only sacrifice we have to make is to be willing to give up our harmful lifestyle. Then we can lead a healthy and happy life as nature intended, even as we approach old age and ultimately death. For those who are cheerful, positive, and optimistic, all is well.

Life doesn’t need to feel like a lifeboat. But if it happens to some fearful people, that’s their problem. It does not give them any moral right to sacrifice others, humans or animals, as they go about their personal lifeboat nightmares.

The same person who suggested I read A new way to win by Tobias Desjardins also suggested that I read High conflict people in legal disputes by Bill Eddy, LCSW, ESQ, and I have to say that this book really helped me get through some of the things I’m going through.

This particular book is intended for professionals, such as counselors, lawyers, judges, etc. and how to best identify and work with (or let go of) high-conflict people, and know when to let go of clients with this personality type. Eddy delves into DSM-IV-TR group B personality disorders: borderline, narcissistic, antisocial, and histrionic. Most people with high-conflict personality disorders have one or more (typically more) of these personality disorders. While I had studied these specific personality disorders while studying my undergraduate degree in psychology, as I don’t deal with personality disorders on a regular basis, this was a great refresher for me.

Individuals with these personality disorders tend to have specific cognitive distortions, which the individual actually believes to be true, even though it is their fabricated reality.

I found the information in this book quite helpful for my situation, especially as it describes who and how someone can become the target of a person with one of these personality disorders. It also describes exactly how I have felt as a target and how I should deal with the situation with pretty specific advice.

It was also helpful for me to understand how a person with cognitive distortions thinks, feels, and why they do the things they do. This helps me understand how to handle specific situations both in person and through documentation for other professionals (i.e. investigators, law enforcement officials, and judges). It also helped me prepare for the worst possible outcome for my situation; however, because of the information and advice presented in this book, I was able to present myself and my evidence in a way that was beneficial to my side.

Many times, someone with this type of personality disorder has had them from a very young age and without adequate (and specific) treatment, these disorders:

  • Rule their lives
  • Carry them down the self-destructive path
  • Maintain and increase interpersonal conflict, unreliability of dramatic mood swings and instability in all aspects of the individual’s life.
  • Create preoccupation with cognitive distortions and delusions.

Each personality disorder will lead to different fundamental failures and difficulties in each area of ​​a person’s life. However, when an individual has the four of them of these disorders, it really is a recipe for disaster for them and for those around them because everyone will be affected.

If you are a professional, if you believe that someone has attacked you and got into a legal dispute, if you think you may be in a relationship (or have a relationship with), or are simply looking for additional information about these personalities. disorders, I highly recommend reading this book as it is very insightful, informative, and easy to read (even if you’re not a professional in one of these areas that requires a contract reading comprehension level).

Does Michigan’s economy really need six law schools that inject more than a thousand recent graduates into the service sector each year? Unlike many job applicants, most new attorneys are heavily in debt; some carry more than $ 100,000 in student loans. This can quickly lead to despair.

The economy is still hurting in several key sectors here in Michigan. Both the auto and real estate sectors appear to be recovering, but the unemployment rate remains stubbornly high. Most experts say another half decade of “recovery” awaits us.

In downtime, higher education, as an industry, performs remarkably well. People take a hard look at their job prospects, and many decide to improve their skills by earning additional credentials.

Law school is something that almost half the population considers at one point or another. Yet in this tough economy, have law schools turned this recurring American dream into a debt nightmare?

A whole generation of newly created lawyers, facing student loans the size of a modest first home, find themselves in the same difficult situation as those who overbought real estate during the boom years. Just for these new attorneys, there is no foreclosure process to make debt go away.

And the prospects are, well, terrifying. Established small and medium-sized businesses will lease offices, but will not pay salaries. The largest firms are reducing their lists of attorneys. A Northwestern Law study estimates that the large firm sector has lost more than 15,000 attorney and staff positions since 2008.

Corporate legal departments are cutting legal expenses; Anything that can be outsourced is sent to India, where there are a glut of cheap lawyers eager to review documents for about $ 20 an hour.

Despite this bleak outlook, law schools report that up to 93% of their graduates “are known to be employed nine months after graduation.” This statistic is reinforced by the annual rankings of law schools published by US News & World Report.

However, employment as a barista at Starbucks is different from working in the legal profession. To improve their statistics, some law schools have been known to temporarily hire a battalion of their recent graduates for $ 20 an hour to work in the placement office. The US News statistic does not account for these distortions.

This grim subject was the focus of recent “hype” marketing techniques employed by Lansing Cooley Law School. The correlation between a shortage of jobs and an absolute glut of lawyers is well documented in the blogosphere.

However, all is not bad. Students with high motivation and qualification can persist in good jobs in their chosen field, even after removing their pink glasses.

In our free society, with its trade, temptations, and disposable marriages, there will always be a strong demand for legal services.

If you don’t have a Rottweiler or are not involved with the breed, then it might come as a big surprise that the typical Rottweiler (American Rottweiler) you see here and again, walking around your neighborhood or being portrayed often in a negative light on the Most of the media, it is actually a world apart from the original German Rottweiler, the German Rottweiler.

The German Rottweiler has its roots in the Roman Empire and is considered by many to be one of the oldest sheepdogs. The Rottweiler was used for various activities in different periods of history. In ancient times. The Rottweiler was used to herd and protect livestock, while in modern times it was used primarily as a guard dog by the military and police. Therefore, the Rottweiler is a multifaceted breed capable of multitasking and is highly intelligent, loyal, eager to work, and has a lot of confidence.

Now, there are two basic differences between kennel organizations like AKC and ADRK. At the beginning of the 20th century, Germany had a few existing Rottweiler clubs covering the expanse of Germany, and it was in the 1920s that they all came together to form the Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Klub (ADRK), that is, the general German Rottweiler Klub. Now this organization has maintained for almost 100 years a strict standard and guidelines on what the Rottweiler should be, since after all the Rottweiler is German and they wanted to preserve the Rottweiler for what it is (a working dog), and for so for this day they have the best Rottweilers. In Germany, one cannot just breed any Rottweiler that one likes, be it a Rottweiler with papers and a Rottweiler without papers, as can be done in America, but there is a procedure for it.

If you’ve ever looked at an imported German (pink paper) pedigree, you will notice that there is a detailed paragraph for every Rottweiler in that dog’s pedigree. These paragraphs are officially “criticisms” of the Rottweiler given by ADRK certified judges. These criticisms come when you bring your Rottweiler to Zuchttauglichkeitsprufung (called ZTP or BST) which translates to “breeding suitability test”, and officially certifies that a Rottweiler is acceptable as breeding stock. In Germany, a Rottweiler must meet this grade before being bred and hence the claim that this particular Rottweiler is within the standard and is an ambassador for the breed. This type of “screening”, so to speak, helps eliminate weak genetics and ensures that the Rottweiler breed will continue to improve. The ZTP also tests the working ability of dogs, because a Rottweiler that is not capable of working is not a Rottweiler. It just falls into the group of all other Molossian races and is not distinguished.

If I can put it into an analogy, it would be like seeing a really sporty looking car on the street passing a Geo. The car may seem fast, but in reality it is not. The Rottweiler is the same, you might see one that looks great, but if it can’t do what it’s naturally supposed to do, which is function, then it’s not a true Rottweiler. The Germans test the working ability of dogs with Schutzhund. Schutzhund is like the police dog training that most people have seen, consisting of the dog biting a man dressed in a padded suit with sleeves to bite. But it’s a bit more complete than just biting. Schutzhund consists of 3 parts: obedience, protection and follow-up.

Now, I can keep talking about Schutzhund for the next hour, but the gist is that it makes the Rottweiler completely controllable, confident, and ready to execute whatever command its owner asks of it. The obedience part does just this, the Rottweiler is tested in various ways in its ability to listen and perform the tasks that its owner commands. The Protection part is set to obedience, as the Rottweiler is commanded to find the perpetrator (in Schutzhund he hides behind teepee-type blinds), get as close to the perpetrator as possible, and bark constantly to acknowledge his owner who has found, and await orders from the owners. Lastly, tracking not only tests the Rottweiler’s olfactory ability, but also its general mental strength and ability to find items accurately. This is just the very basic explanation, I will write a very comprehensive article on Rottweilers and Schutzhund shortly.

So the ZTP criticizes the appearance or conformation of the dogs, and also these 3 phases of schutzhund. The point is that this type of testing is critical if you want to preserve the integrity of a breed like the Rottweiler.

In America, on the other hand, there is none of this. There was a large influx of Rottweilers that were imported from all over Germany and Europe and registered in the 70s and 80s, which at one time the Rottweiler was one of the most registered dogs with the AKC in the 80s. AKC has almost no regulations Rottweiler-specific when it comes to breeding, as ADRK has, so for the last 30-40 years, anyone with a Rottweiler was able to breed any other Rottweiler, regardless of the German standard, and thus resulted in the American Rottweiler.

Now, one of the first things you will see when placing a German Rottweiler next to an American Rottweiler is that the German Rottweiler has a tail. Tail docking has become part of the German standard in the early 2000s and is banned in most of Europe. In America, the vast majority of breeders still do it, as it is still legal. Another point aside is that if you come across Rottweiler breeders who say they breed German Rottweilers, but see the docked tails, they are obviously not following the ADRK standard and they are not breeding German Rottweilers.

Another difference that you will see right away is the huge difference in size between the two. German Rottweilers tend to be much larger and more compact than typical Rottweilers. German Rottweilers have heavier bones, thicker necks, wider chests, larger headdresses, more pronounced stops (arched foreheads), shorter snouts, deeper chests, and will not have as long legs as American Rottweilers.

The German Rottweiler also tends to learn much faster than American Rottweilers and has inherent guard instincts that are more pronounced than typical Rottweilers. The German Rottweiler will also have a more pronounced and much darker pigmentation of the eyes and mouth.

This was just a general introduction to the differences about the real German Rottweiler and the rest. If you find someone suggesting that their Rottweiler is a German Rottweiler, first ask who their parents or grandparents are and Google their names to see if they are real ADRK registered German Rottweilers. And of course, don’t ask them this if you see that it has a docked tail, as it is most likely not a German Rottweiler.

Everyone is familiar with the most commonly used punctuation marks: the comma, the period, and the question mark. However, many people do not use the semicolon, colon, hyphen, parentheses, bracket, ellipsis, and slash when typing as much as they do with other punctuation marks. One reason could be not knowing when to use these less used punctuation marks. Another reason could be that there are other punctuation marks that can work in basically the same way, if not better, in a sentence. Still, a third reason may be that it is easier to avoid these punctuation marks to avoid misusing them.

Whatever the reason, here are some simple, easy-to-remember tips for when to use these less-used punctuation marks:


The semicolon is used to join two independent clauses. (Independent clauses are just two complete sentences that are closely related in meaning.)

The semicolon is used to join two independent clauses when used with a conjunctive adverb such as however, consequently, in addition, in addition, in the meantime, or otherwise; or with a transitory phrase such as, for example, as a result, in fact, or otherwise.

The semicolon is used to join two independent clauses that contain a comma.

The semicolon is used to join a series of phrases or clauses that are long or contain commas.


A colon is used to introduce a list, an apposition, or a quote, when the words before the colon are an independent clause.

A colon is used after a phrase such as the following or the next.

A colon is used to separate a title and a subtitle.

The colon is used with hours, minutes and seconds.

Colons are used in chapters and verses of the Bible.

Colons are used in note formats and for formal business letter greetings.


The dash is used to interrupt a sentence to add information and draw attention to the information.

The dash is used to highlight a definition, an apposition, an example, or a contrast.


The parentheses (always used in pairs) are used to interrupt a sentence to add information but without emphasizing what the parentheses enclose.

Parentheses are used to enclose letters or numbers of listed items in a sentence.


The bracket is used to include changes made to the cited material or to add explanations and clarifications to the cited material.

The bracket is used to enclose a short material in parentheses in parentheses.


Ellipsis (a set of three spaced dots) is used to show omitted words or punctuation from a cited source. Use a sentence completion period after an ellipsis when it falls to the end of a sentence.


The bar is used to separate lines of poetry from a cited source.

The bar is used to indicate fractions.

The bar is used to separate and / or.

Anyone who has found ways to avoid using these less used punctuation marks because there were other punctuation marks that worked better, knowing when to use them correctly was problematic, or they were just easier to avoid, will find these simple tips will help. make writing easy and hassle free. No more avoiding punctuation marks that could make your writing a powerful means of communication.

In the early days of life online, the world was limited to text-only interactions. But the pace of technological advance has been staggering these past 30 years. Now, many of us have computers in the palm of our hands that are far superior to those early desktop units that screeched and screeched when connected to another computer via a landline phone.

Just a few years ago, watching a video online was frustrating, and posting a 30-second video required a heavy manual, a ritual sacrifice, and the luck of the gods. Well almost.

According to various studies, a plain text post now receives the least attention. For a post to be eye-catching, it must have at least one image attached to it. (A post no longer has to include text; it could be just a still image, or even a video clip, but we’ll get there in a few minutes.) That is why you can see a Facebook post on almost any subject, and an image of a pet, a sunset or a tree will be attached, something that has nothing to do with the subject of the message. If you can make a person stop and look at your photo, there is a chance that they will also read the text of your post.

The image you add to your post doesn’t have to be a photograph. It can be a graphic (perhaps a clip art image) with or without text on the image itself. It could also be all text, stylized in one or more interesting typefaces; you will often see the ones created for dating. Regardless of the type of image you attach, try to make it directly related to your post. If you advertise that your business now sells blue widgets, please post an image of a blue widget. Now accepting appointments for plumbing visits? Show your workers in their best uniforms by smiling as they get off a truck with your company logo on the side.

Between the still image and a full motion video is the “animated image”, often an image in GIF format (graphic interchange format). These are still images arranged in “loops” lasting a few seconds, where the subject is often funny and / or shocking. The use of GIF has changed dramatically in recent years, and you could write a full dissertation on its use in personal posts. For now, we’ll just say that Facebook considers GIFs to be a still image category and they are attached in the same way.

As I said a few minutes ago, your posts no longer need to include text. If you have what I call a standalone image, with an image, long text, and connection information, post it alone. FB also allows you to upload video clips, and the same goes for video posts. If you have raw footage that you’ve shot with your phone, you probably want to add text that explains the context of the video and add any comments you deem necessary. You can post a fully produced video, complete with an introduction, end credits, and background music. Producing video clips for your company is a completely different topic. I address that in another series of articles.

The only media type that FB does not currently allow in posts is standalone audio. So if you have an audio podcast or an audio recording of a book or article you have written, you will have to produce it into a video clip in order to upload it. Again, the details of this are beyond the scope of this article, but the “video” can be as simple as a single still image (or multiple images chained together) occupying the image track, while the video track is playing. Audio. You can find these types of videos on YouTube, often created by home enthusiasts for songs where there is no video recording of the artist.

Currently the maximum file size for a video uploaded to Facebook is 1.75GB, which in HD format is a runtime of around 45 minutes. However, you should keep video posts as short as possible. You’re boosting it with videos longer than 30 seconds. Only people who browse Facebook to ease boredom will watch videos longer than a minute, and you better have completely unique content that people believe will change their lives if you post a video with a runtime of more than 5 minutes.

Regardless of the means you use, any post you make on Facebook or elsewhere must have a specific intention – a set goal that you want to achieve. The message should be crafted using the principles of immediacy and scarcity where appropriate. Every time your post tries to sell, or asks a question, provide the reader with the contact information or link they need. In almost every post, you need to tell the reader exactly what you expect them to do once they have read the post, and provide them with the tools they need to do so.

The 11 best types of trade publications, from worst to best

11) Text Only Post – Long

10) Text-only posting: less than 25 words

9) Post text with unrelated still image

8) Publishing audio with still image

7) Post text with related still image

6) Autonomous image text publishing

5) Standalone image, no text

4) Post text with raw video clip

3) Full-length video clip (more than 5 min) fully produced

2) Medium production video clip (about 1 min)

1) Short video clip (30 seconds) fully produced

When a couple gets to the point of seeking divorce in a marriage with children, the most important question quickly becomes apparent: Who will get custody of those children? It is often the most contentious issue in the entire divorce process.

Along with all the legal arguments and other issues that are involved in ending a marriage, those involved in deciding issues related to child custody are often the most difficult. The main question to be resolved is: which parent should be awarded primary custody? At best, parents seeking divorce can reach a mutual agreement that serves the best interests of their children.

In the ideal case, the parents may agree to a joint custody arrangement in which both parents share legal and physical custody of the children. Unfortunately, this is rarely the case, so other custody arrangements should be explored. Let’s take a look at some of the most common custody options.

First, some basic definitions. “Legal custody” refers to the right to make decisions that affect children, including in the areas of education, medical care, religious education, as well as all legal matters. “Physical custody” refers to the right to determine where the child will live and the responsibility to provide for the daily needs of children, including full responsibility for their care and well-being.

Exclusive custody

When one parent is awarded sole legal and physical custody, that parent has full responsibility for the physical needs of the children and for all decisions that must be made regarding the matters described above. In other cases, one parent may be awarded sole physical custody, but legal custody may be shared. This type of situation can occur when the life situation of the non-custodial parent is not conducive to the well-being of the children, but the parent is able to make sound judgments about their well-being.

Custody seal

In situations where joint custody is dictated, it means that both parents will share custody in some way. Joint custody requires parents to create schedules that allow children to divide their time between the two parents’ locations. Usually, a set schedule is kept, which will help reduce stress for children. This can only work when both parents live in the same neighborhood, so that the children can stay in the same schools. When the location of the parents makes this impossible, joint physical custody must be modified to accommodate school hours, with visits to the alternate parent limited to weekends and summers.

Joint legal custody is generally a simple matter, as there is little chance that legal custody can be analyzed across different domains. For example, a parent is unlikely to be considered competent to participate in legal decisions on behalf of the child, but is not appropriate to make medical decisions for them.

Custody of the bird’s nest

This is the least common form of custody arrangement, and for good reason. While it is probably the best possible arrangement for children, it is also the one that requires the most self-denial and cooperation on the part of parents. Bird’s nest custody refers to an arrangement in which children continue to live in the original family home and parents take turns living there with them. Obviously, this requires each parent to have a second place to live, when they are not staying with the children.

Ideally, the parents could share a second home, as by definition they never need to be there at the same time, unless the children are also present. This type of arrangement would require divorced parents to stay on good enough terms to be able to work together on all matters related to upkeep and upkeep of the second home, and not find themselves continually at odds with day-to-day hassles. Since this is not a likely outcome in most divorce cases, in order to establish this type of custody arrangement, each parent must have a separate second home, with all the costs and inconvenience that it entails, which is why that this arrangement is rare.

Deciding on the best custody arrangement is just one of the many challenges you will face as you move through the child custody process. To ensure that you have all the information and resources that you will need to protect yourself and your children, you should have a high-quality Custody Guide that you may have at your fingertips. With access to all the latest information when you need it, you can have more confidence in your approach and be more confident that you will not be ambushed or surprised.

For many beginning writers, and also for some veterans, the punctuation can be confusing. The scoring rules sometimes seem arcane, abstract, and even random. But if we see punctuation as a form of traffic control: commands to stop, pause, look ahead, etc. – it is easy to master these necessary grammar rules. In a previous excerpt, we explained how to use periods, commas, colons, and semicolons.

Hyphenated Words to Combine Ideas. People often coin new words by combining several. Stuck in with hyphens, these expressions are often converted into individual words. The word for America’s national pastime began as base ball, evolved into base ball, and eventually took the modern form of baseball. The last example: email turned into email and then email.

Scripts offer a great way to show how things are related to each other. Consider the following sentence: “East Coast liberals like Hillary Clinton differ from West Coast liberals like Jerry Brown.” We could say, “West Coast liberals,” but that’s not quite so concise.

Of course, connecting too many things with hyphenation can be silly. Thus: “The African-American senator for the first time from the South Side of Chicago made his first candidacy for the White House in 2008.”

Use em-hyphens – like this one – to make aside. If you want to establish complete phrases or lists, look for a long dash known as em-dash. Look at this sentence:

The Chicago Cubs’ inability to win a World Series for 100 years, a period that saw nineteen different presidents, has caused anguish among fans.

The em-dash helps the author to make an aside. The electronic script tells the reader to pause, as if to say, “Hey, check this out.”

Critics say em-dash makes writing cheaper by encouraging a loose, casual style. Without a doubt, the excessive use of any tool can be annoying. When we use em-dash too much, like here, it distracts and annoys the reader. But in moderation, again, not like this, the em-dash offers a useful and even fun way to emphasize a point.

Use ellipsis to show vanishing thought … Every time I see an ellipsis, a set of three points, I hear the sound of the harp music. Ellipses (plural of ellipsis) suggest that thinking turns off, reflects, open ideas. Ellipses allow us to deviate for a moment …

Case in point: “Dorothy considered her challenge: ‘If only I could see the Wizard of Oz …”‘ We see the girl with braided hair, a wicker basket, and a dog named Toto staring into space, on her own world, lost in thought.

The ellipses also perform a more technical task: marking gaps in the quoted passages. Quotes often omit entire sections. People rarely speak in compact packages, so writers have to stitch together comments made at different times. To indicate a space, use an ellipsis. Therefore, we can quote John F. Kennedy’s inaugural address this way:

Do not ask what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country … Let’s go out and lead the land we love, asking for His blessing and His help, but knowing that here on earth God’s work must truly be our.

The ellipsis here indicates that the writer cut words from the original source. Connecting one part of the quote to another makes a point quickly.

Psst: use parentheses to make aside. Sometimes you want to offer a little related information. That information could strengthen the argument (by providing details or context) or simply provide an aside. (Ben Yagoda loves parentheses.)

Parentheses provide an efficient way to add basic information. When you want to provide examples of various things, use parentheses instead of saying “for example” over and over again. When Barack Obama began shaping his administration in 2008, he drew on America’s elite universities. New York Times columnist David Brooks described the emerging team:

January 20, 2009 will be a historic day. Barack Obama (Columbia, Harvard Law) will take the oath of office as his wife, Michelle (Princeton, Harvard Law) looks on with pride. Nearby, your foreign policy advisers will be beaming, including perhaps Hillary Clinton (Wellesley, Yale Law), Jim Steinberg (Harvard, Yale Law) and Susan Rice (Stanford, Oxford). Phil.).

Here an elite, there an elite, everywhere an elite. Brooks uses parentheses to clarify this point.

The wasteful use of parentheses makes the writing choppy. It is disorienting when you are diverted from the main train of thought, over and over again. On the other hand, sometimes you want to show how hectic the world can be. “So, are my parentheses part of my style?” Yagoda asks (rhetorically). “Actually, yes. I am drawn to them in part because they express my belief that the world and language are multiple, intricate, and illuminated by digression.”

Use quotation marks to say exactly what someone said. To indicate that you are using someone’s exact words, use quotation marks. Then:

“Don’t ask what your country can do for you,” said President Kennedy. “Ask what you can do for your country.”

Use the exact words of the speaker. If you want to paraphrase, quote only the words that were said and use your own words to connect the sentences. Then:

After challenging the nation to “ask what you can do for your country,” President Kennedy challenged other nations to “ask not what the United States will do for you, but what we can do together for the freedom of man.”

Punctuation is generally enclosed in quotes. So: “Don’t ask what your country can do for you,” Kennedy said.

Put punctuation marks outside the quotation marks to avoid confusion about what is quoted. When television journalist Tim Russert died, a website ran this headline: Tom Brokaw as host of “Meet the Press?” The headline suggests that Brokaw was in fact the host and that the show’s name contains a question. The headline should have asked: “Tom Brokaw as host of” Meet the Press “?

Sometimes it is necessary to quote someone by quoting someone else. To do that, use single quotes, inside double quotes, like this:

“I went back to the doctor and he said, ‘Henry, I told you, you can’t do it, you’re going to die in that mine.’ I said, ‘Well, Dr. Craft, let me try one more time,’ because I had some debts that I wanted to pay off. “

And what about a date within a date within a date? Go back to the double quotes (“), like this:

“I met Joyce at the rally and she yelled at me, ‘Let’s sing something. How about, ‘I’m not going to let anyone turn me around’? Let’s do it. ‘

Use exclamation marks (rarely!) To show enthusiasm or to be emphatic. I once worked with someone who used exclamation marks, a lot of them, all the time! Whether talking about something mundane or exciting, he ended each sentence with a multitude of these happy punctuation marks! I guess it’s not much different from someone who agrees with you all the time, or says “have a nice day” no matter what’s going on. But it’s too much!

Sober word writers avoid exclamation points except to show someone yelling. They point out, for example, that the constitutional guarantee of freedom of expression does not include shouting “Fire!” in a crowded theater. Novelist Elmore Leonard suggests using no more than two or three exclamation points per 100,000 words (the length of a book). And I agree. Mainly! To show real emotion, tell a great story instead of relying on a lighthearted punctuation.

And yet I admire Tom Wolfe so much that I admit the value of each and every one of his exclamations. By one count, Wolfe’s novel Bonfire of the Vanities contains 2,343 exclamation marks on 659 pages. “I’m trying to get the score back where it belongs,” Wolfe once explained. “The periods, hyphens, exclamation marks were removed from the prose because they ‘reeked of sentiment.’ But a! Show someone who gets carried away. Why not? The writer carefully not using this punctuation does not bother to convey what is exciting to the reader. “

Wolfe uses the exclamation point wisely, conveying excessive jealousy or innocence or naivety or rudeness. It works for him. For most of us, however, it is like a sharp object that is best left in the drawer!

Going through the visa trip in the United States can be quite a tumultuous experience, with a lot of documentation and commitment to the authorities to be done. One of the things to do is take the Immigration Medical Exam – a mandatory and necessary step in the entire ladder of the immigration journey in the United States.

Another important step is the visa process itself, and in order to do this, it is always advisable to enlist the services of a good immigration attorney or a immigration lawyer.

Here are some tips that will surely help you find an attorney that is best suited to your case:


There are many sites online that could provide you with good lawyer referrals. There are SOME popular websites that can be viewed online, which provide rankings of lawyers related to immigration visas and green card. There is data on these sites too, which is helpful. Here you can find useful information about lawyers. Leafing through peer ratings is a great way to come to a decision about the attorney whose services you want to hire.


Once you zero in on a particular attorney or law firm, try Googling for more information and checking qualifications. Clients agree to reviews on these attorneys and these reviews will help you understand how they best work. Don’t just count the number of reviews and decide, but take the time to read each review carefully. These opinions are important as they are loaded with knowledge about attorneys and their performance.


Is the website totally professional? Look for customer reviews and look for links to the awards or accolades they have received. I wonder why we tell them this? All of this goes to show that the attorney for the firm in question will work hard on your case, because they have worked hard to perfect their business. Therefore, it makes sense to carefully examine the websites before making a decision.


The Lawyer You Have Chosen For Your Needs: Where Does Your Experience Lie? Are you in immigration law? Or is it in a completely different sphere, like civil law? It is always best to retain the services of an attorney or firm that is primarily competent in immigration law, so that their experience and in-depth knowledge of the subject will be of great use to you. A good immigration attorney will also help the immigration applicant to go through the mandatory Immigration Medical Examination.