Category Archive : Auto

If you are like many brides, you are probably planning to hire a limousine company to transport you to your wedding. Before you start interviewing companies, you should think about what type of car or limousine you would like to rent, for how many hours, and write down the questions you would like to ask the company.

First, calculate how many people will be traveling in the limo or how many in each limo. There are several types of limousine cars, each accommodating a specific number of people comfortably. These are some standard cars available, however not all limo companies will have the same cars available.

    • Sedans (mostly city cars, but sometimes Mercedes or specialty sedans)
    • Limousine for 6 passengers (4 seats comfortably)
    • Limousine for 8 passengers (6 seats comfortably)
    • Limousine for 10 passengers (8 seats comfortably)
    • Limousine for 12 passengers (10 seats comfortably)
    • 14-22 SUV limousine (typically a Navigator, Escalade, or Excursion)
    • 18-20 Passenger Hummer
    • Small shuttle bus (22-35 passengers)
    • Coach (45-55 passengers)
    • Small limousine bus (14-22 passengers)
    • Coach Limo Bus (28-35 passengers)
    • Classic Cars (Rolls Royce, etc).

    Once you know how many people will be in the limo, you need to find out how long you need it. Most limousine companies charge by the hour, so it is important to decide how many hours you will need. Also, most companies have an hourly minimum on Friday and Saturday nights, so if your wedding falls on one of these days and you only want a limousine for one hour, you may be charged the minimum rate. . Also, ask about their overtime rates. If your photography session is slightly over-scheduled, you may be charged additional fees at the time of service if the reservation was exceeded the allotted time. When inquiring about packages, many limousine companies offer a wedding package. Typically, a wedding package includes 3 hours, red carpet service, and often a champagne toast. Three hours of limousine service will cover your transportation to the ceremony, transportation to the photo location, and delivery service at the reception. You can also think about transportation home after the reception. The limousine company can schedule a pick-up time after the reception without waiting for you during your reception.

    You’ll want to book the business at least four to six months before your wedding. If your wedding is taking place between the months of April to September, you may want to book your transportation even earlier as the most popular wedding months fill up quickly. Keep in mind that during the months of April to June, depending on the area, limousine companies also book dances, which can get in the way of your booking plans.

    Call several companies in the area and see how responsive they are to your questions and inquiries. It is important that they are responsive and courteous to your requests. When requesting their rates, also ask about the inclusion of tips, cancellation fees, and how overtime rates are charged. Limousine companies generally allow a fifteen minute grace period to allow additional time, however once your grace period has passed you may be charged overtime. Also ask what the vehicles, alcohol, music, smoking or not smoking, refrigeration and / or food come with. If possible, make an appointment to view your fleet of vehicles.

    Book your limousine with the company that you think will arrive on time, have the best vehicle and driver, and have the best price. For most people, the price is not as important as the service, so don’t automatically choose the lower rate, often in the limo business, you get what you pay for. When booking, make sure you get a copy of the contract, confirmation / reservation number, as well as their written cancellation policy. Confirm with the company if they will hand over the job or if they will transfer the job to another company. If they plan to sell the job (which is a common practice among limo companies, especially for ‘hot’ booking dates), get the name and address of the company so you can verify its reliability, the condition of the car, and the service. If you are not comfortable having your wedding transportation handled by another company, please let them know.

    One week before your wedding, call and confirm your reservation and request a contact number for the driver. Be sure to verify that the pickup route and addresses are correct. On the wedding day you can also call and confirm that your limo is scheduled to arrive on time.

    Minivans, SUVs and the glut of other vehicles marketed for families all have one thing in common: They’re big on the outside and narrow on the inside. Not only that, but they are not practical for longer trips that involve packing luggage for you and all of your children. They may be suitable for the average nuclear family, but if you have the makings of a small football team living under the same roof, you may need an update.

    Say hello to the Mercedes Sprinter, Chrysler’s answer to the sea of ​​bizarre and unappealing trucks that have flooded the sales floors. The passenger version of the Sprinter is sleek and elegant, with tinted rear windows and a graceful sloping front end. Packed with unique standard features, multiple customization options, and tons of available add-ons, the Mercedes Sprinter is taking the family station wagon to the next level.

    The highlight of the Mercedes Sprinter is easily its spacious interior. It has ten full-size, pull-out seats with your choice of body lengths (233 or 273 inches) and roof heights (standard or tall). If that space isn’t enough for your family, you probably need to pack less or buy a bus.

    The other advantages of the Mercedes Sprinter is that you can easily adapt it to the needs of your family. Its towing capacity (between 5,000 and 7,500 pounds) and cargo area make it an ideal truck for long road trips. With a 3.0-liter V6 turbo diesel engine with 154 horsepower (optional 3.5-liter V6 petrol engine is also available), the Mercedes Sprinter gets better fuel efficiency and fuel economy than many smaller trucks, so that those long trips will be easier on the wallet.

    The Mercedes Sprinter can also be converted into a comfortable motorhome. Its durable floor and seating flexibility make it easy to transform from a van to a house on wheels. Many Sprinter owners have had great success adding beds, mini-fridges, and other amenities to their truck.

    Other features that make the Sprinter such an attractive station wagon are the choice of two wheelbases, 144 or 170 inches, five-speed automatic transmission, stability control, standard climate control, tilt and telescopic steering wheel, anti-lock brakes and a emergency window. . If you want to further customize your truck, Chrysler has many extras available, such as rear parking assist, sunroof, and heated seats.

    There is no doubt that the Sprinter is a great vehicle. Its width may seem imposing, but it is a surprisingly nimble and elegant unit. A popular van in Europe for many years, the Sprinter was designed to navigate narrow streets and hairpin bends common in other countries.

    Although you may have seen Sprinters used as cargo, delivery or transport vans, the passenger version is a great option for those looking for a comfortable and attractive family vehicle. Chrysler has adapted it to suit a suburban lifestyle while keeping it reasonably priced. If you and your family are looking for a comfortable ride with room to spare, the Mercedes Sprinter is the truck for you.

    Buying a new car is an exciting adventure, but it can also involve a lot of running, dealing with different car dealers, and doing a lot of research. New cars are expensive.

    In 2015 the median price for a new vehicle was reportedly $ 33,500 and just as you leave the dealership and hit the road in your new vehicle, your car’s value almost immediately drops by at least 11%. The value of a new car also drops nearly 20% each year, reducing the value by nearly 30% in the first year alone.

    That begs the question, why wouldn’t everyone buy a used car? The reasons range from wanting you to be the first and only owner, knowing what you are buying, and not wanting to do the proper research.

    While a new car should never be considered a bad investment, there are other options that can save you thousands of dollars, and the difference in vehicles is usually not far behind.

    For example, if you search, go to the dealerships and find the type of car you want, you should not stop there. Keep shopping and look for used vehicles of the same model, based on use and mileage, you can save more than $ 10,000 in some cases.

    Many people think that used cars are broken or beaten up. And while that may be true, chances are when someone is selling your old one because it is still in good condition and is probably looking for a change too. Doing the right research and working with the right people is important in finding the best deal available.

    Here are five of the best used cars you can find for under $ 15,000.

    1. Cadillac CTS 2011-2014 – The Cadillac CTS was a turning point for the automaker, making it more competitive by offering a more affordable price while maintaining the luxury, comfort, and driving precision of its older models. This midsize car is one of the best options when looking for a used car.

    2. Mazda 6 2014-2016 – While this may be difficult to find, it is one of the best new models you can buy used. The Mazda 6 has a great, clean interior, plenty of storage space, and a variety of up-to-date technology throughout the vehicle.

    3. Honda CR-V 2012-2016 – For a compact SUV, the Honda CR-V is one of the best bumps for your investment when buying used. Practical and reliable, the CR-V is one of the newest and best models you can find.

    4. Toyota Camry Hybrid 2012-2015 – The Camry Hybrid is a great option when buying used and looking for a cleaner ride. Offering a comfortable and efficient ride, the Camry Hybrid also returns approximately 40 miles per gallon, saving you even more money.

    5. Toyota Tundra 2007-2013 – In terms of trucks, it’s hard to find a better deal than the Toyota Tundra. Durable and reliable, the Tundra is ideal for working, towing, and basically anything you want from a truck.

    Buying a used car is the smartest decision. Not only will you save money, with the right amount of time searching and the right research, you can save a ton and use that money elsewhere.

    Try taking the actual car you’re looking at to a personal mechanic as well, allowing them to check the vehicle to make sure there aren’t any issues. That is very important to make sure the car is in good condition both inside and out.

    There are many great places to buy used cars, allowing you to test drive and check your vehicles before making any purchases. If you take the time to do the proper research and make the right purchases, you will save on your new vehicle. For the new car buyer, it makes sense to buy a used car, saving you money almost immediately and in the long run.

    Regardless of whether you choose to buy a new or used car, you’ll want to keep your new purchase protected. Finding cheap car insurance near me is the best option to stay safe and covered no matter what event you may encounter on the roads. The right insurance company will be with you every step of the way, whether it’s on a new or used car.

    There are expensive and inexpensive cars. Some buy them out of necessity, others out of love. And maybe there are other types too. But not all cars are similar. Many car lovers like to collect expensive sports cars. This is certainly a very expensive habit. However, not everyone can follow it. This habit becomes even more difficult to follow when you want to own a Lamborghini Reventon. This is not because it is an ultra expensive sports car, but also because it is a limited edition car. Of course, this is one of the main factors that add to its price. Lamborghini made only 20 Reventon cars and only one additional car that was made for the Lamborghini museum. It was produced in 2007 and can now be purchased only from a previous buyer.

    Lamborghini Reventon is one of the most powerful cars in the world. The engine is a 6.5-liter twelve-cylinder V12 engine that generates a whopping 661 horsepower at 8000 rpm and can generate a maximum torque of around 660 NM at 6000 rpm. It comes with a 6-speed manual transmission. Reventon can zoom from zero to 62 miles per hour in just 3.4 seconds, which is insanely awesome. It reaches a maximum speed of 340 kilometers per hour. The displacement it provides is a powerful 6496 cc.

    The interiors of the car look like the cockpit of an F 22 fighter jet. The interiors look and feel are strikingly similar. Of course, being a car, it doesn’t have all those sci-fi gadgets and gauges inside it. The front and rear ends are extended so the car takes on a unique feel. The seats and other elements have high-quality two-tone Alcantara materials that give it a sleek and elegant appearance. It’s also loaded with an interesting and unique gadget, the G Force Meter, which makes it stand out in longitudinal acceleration. If you thought the resemblance of the interiors is just a coincidence, think again because the exteriors are simply inspired by the F 22 Raptor. The body shape was available in 2 body shapes; one is simply the Reventon and the other is the Reventon Roadster.

    The 2012 Lamborghini Reventon has arguably the best looks for a sports car. Its various acute and obtuse angles give it a unique look. This look radiates power, strength and performance that are at the core of a Lamborghini vehicle. It is interesting to know that Lamborghini Reventon got its name from a fighting bull (albeit a tradition with Lamborghini) called Reventon who killed the famous bullfighter Félix Guzmán from Mexico. His appearance exudes the strength symbolized by the bull. The exterior is mostly carbon fiber, which is the reason behind the comparatively less weight. The design is simply stunning and is sure to turn heads.

    Speaking of the pros and cons, we think the biggest downside may be the price. It is one of the most expensive cars out there. It has a number of advantages, be it power, speed, looks, technology, and even the brand itself, which is known for the best sports cars in its class.

    If you are planning to go green, then you need to take that passion and apply it to your cars as well. Today, you will find a multitude of fuel-efficient cars that consume less fuel than normal ones, helping to conserve the environment. These hybrid cars are equipped with a gasoline engine and an electric motor. But going green doesn’t necessarily mean skipping the style and the exterior. As manufacturers have now started combining the two, hybrid cars are selling like hot cakes.

    Here is my list of the most popular and top-notch hybrid cars. The next six best-selling hybrid cars also have a lot of luxury features, which makes them so attractive and expensive, of course.

    Toyota Prius hybrid:

    It’s definitely not as big as the Cadillac Escalade Hybrid (mentioned later), but the Escalade’s sales are nothing compared to the Prius’s selling power. In reality, the Prius is the best-selling hybrid car on the market. Environmentally-loving people love it for its excellent fuel economy and exterior design, which has become their trademark style. The latest version is bigger and more comfortable and it also has solar panels on the roof (which don’t spoil its overall look if that worries you). The cheapest of all on the list, it is attractively priced at $ 24,200.

    Cadillac Hybrid Escalade:

    This fabulous car is a perfect example of how you don’t have to skip the glitter to save the environment. It’s the world’s first full-size luxury hybrid SUV and therefore comes at a whopping $ 73,850 price tag. I wouldn’t skip this one if I were you because it has features that are worth the price. It has a powerful V-8 engine and can seat eight passengers. Its high-tech interior features include: an ultrasonic rear parking assist, a rear-view camera, and music control that automatically adjusts for background noise. It comes with a 25% improvement in fuel economy when evaluated with the standard Escalade. Obviously, it doesn’t save as much fuel as smaller standard hybrid cars, but if you’re looking to combine luxury, space, and utility and a greener vehicle, then I’d recommend the Cadillac Escalade Hybrid.

    Lexus LS600h

    For those of you who want to go for a smaller but equally luxurious car like the Cadilac Hybrid Escalade, this is for you. It is the largest and most luxurious car produced by Toyota (which is the parent company of Lexus). It is different and unique both in external and internal aspects. The electric motor can propel the car at slower speeds to save gasoline and provide a boost of power to the gasoline engine’s fuel economy at its best. I would recommend this if you want to combine an exciting ride with eco-driving. Its interior is equally beautiful with a combination of elegant leather and wood. All Lexus vehicles have a remote touch interface (RTI), but this particular 12.3-inch version is more eye-catching than the road. It even has a rear seat entertainment system with a cool underarm footrest for cool drinks. Obviously, with all these wacky features, this car is priced at $ 119,910, which beats that of the Escalade.

    Toyota Highlander Hybrid:

    If you are looking for a family vehicle that can carry a large number of people as well as luggage and is environmentally friendly, then Toyota’s Highlander Hybrid is the perfect fit for you. It seats up to seven people and has plenty of room for luggage, sports equipment, etc. It has a sophisticated powertrain with a 3.5-liter V6 engine accompanied by two electric motors instead of the usual one. It gives you up to 37 percent more fuel economy. It is also quite strong externally and is capable of withstanding tough conditions and uneven dirt roads without any problem. Internally, as mentioned above, it is spacious with plenty of legroom. It is equipped with the latest technology, such as a “Display Audio” multimedia system with a 6.1-inch touch screen and Toyota’s Entune service, which offers applications such as Bing search services, and Pandora music. The $ 46,370 price tag in my opinion is quite reasonable and affordable considering all the features it has to offer.

    Honda Civic Hybrid:

    The Honda Civic Hybrid is one of the most affordable hybrid cars on the market, so it automatically earns a spot on this list. It is not much different from the standard Civic model, which makes it difficult to distinguish. Its gas-electric powertrain consists of a 1.5-liter inline four-cylinder i-VTEC engine that is combined with an electric motor to deliver 110 horsepower and 127 pound-feet of torque. The exterior is the same as the Civic, but the latest model has been updated with slightly different features and a better interior as well. The air vents have been revised and the cabin has been made more soundproof. In general, the driving experience is also quite pleasant; it is easy to handle and accelerates well. It is reasonably priced at $ 24,360. However, lately its price has been outpaced by the cheaper Honda Insight.

    Toyota Camry hybrid:

    Another Toyota car on the list, which is not surprising considering that Toyota offers some of the best-selling and most popular hybrid cars. Like the Highlander Hybrid, this all-in-one also offers excellent performance and a comfortable, spacious interior. The engine is a 2.5-liter Atkinson cycle inline four-cylinder gasoline combined with an electric motor. The car is available in two versions: LE and XLE. The former has all the basic features like air conditioning, keyless entry, cruise control, etc. The XLE is a more advanced version with extra cool features like a 6.1-inch touchscreen and a leather-strap steering wheel with audio control. In contrast to the standard Camry, overall, there is a 26% improvement in fuel economy. The price is reasonable at $ 26,140 and the XLE version costs $ 1,530 more.

    We started using an Iwata spray gun several years ago at the school I teach. After using the gun, I loved it. Most students who have no preferences also choose the Iwata as their weapon of choice. So if you are looking to buy a new gun, I highly recommend an Iwata spray gun. The Supernova with 1.3 is my favorite. However, the tips that I am going to share can be applied with any gun.

    1. Adjust the air pressure

    The first thing I usually do is adjust the air pressure. Be sure to refer to the technical data sheet for the product to be sprayed. This data sheet will give you a recommended air pressure setting. However, pay attention to whether it is indicated on the gun inlet or on the nozzle. Big difference. If you say 10 cfm at the nozzle and set it to 10 when entering the gun, you will have problems. It will not have enough air pressure, which will result in the paint not being sprayed properly and an excessive amount of orange peel is sprayed.

    Using my Iwata, I use an air regulator on the end of my gun. I set it between 18 and 24 psi. Air pressure will be different depending on the spray gun you have. For Iwata, 18-24 psi is usually ideal for most coatings. As mentioned above, too little air pressure will atomize the coating (orange peel), and too much air pressure will overspray, causing the excess spray to waste paint and cause the excess spray to land again. on the surface, which will make the paint run out. dry look.

    2. Adjust the pattern

    Adjusting the pattern will adjust the pattern from a small ball to a wide fan shape. If the pattern is not wide enough, you will have lines and streaks in your paint job. If the pattern is too wide, you may have poor coverage and waste paint supplies. With Iwata’s spray gun, I open the pattern fully open. Then I start to close the adjustment until I start to see the pattern start to get smaller. Once it gets to that point, I stop and make my next adjustment.

    3. Fluid adjustment

    This will depend on the type of product you have sprayed. For the clear coat, I open the setting all the way to allow a lot of liquid to come out. If I am firing the base coat, I will adjust and close the knob about 3-4 turns to allow less liquid to spray.

    4. Fine adjustment

    I have the weapon listed, but I have to adjust it to my techniques. First, the additional adjustments may have changed my air pressure, so I will readjust the psi if necessary. Next, I will spray a test pattern on our spray cart. If it runs or looks too thick, I’ll widen the pattern. If it does not cover well, I will reduce my pattern. Lastly, I will adjust the amount of liquid. If it feels too much, I’ll adjust it for less fluid, and if it doesn’t seem like enough fluid comes out, I’ll increase the fluid setting.

    5. Practice

    The last piece of advice I can give you is to practice. That’s what it takes and don’t be afraid to make adjustments. Make your spray gun suit your technique, rather than adjusting your technique to match the paint gun. The spray gun tips were intended for an Iwata spray gun, but any other paint gun you are using will follow the same steps.

    If you love trucks and 18-wheelers, maybe you’d like to get into the truck detailing business. It might sound a bit fun to detail a large rig like you would a car, but believe it or not, it can be a lucrative business.

    It will not be an easy business due to the size and shape of the vehicle, but there are many trucks on the road and they need to be cleaned. There are two types of truck detail clients for a truck detail business; There is the long haul independent truck driver like BJ and The Bear and there is the used wholesale truck detailing the customer owning a lot of trucks with new or used trucks or sometimes both.

    The independent truck driver is a dying breed, however you will spend a lot of money to polish your aluminum fuel tanks and shine all the chrome. The truck dealership customer is very different as they are looking for a low price and will send you a ton of work. They need those trucks to look good to put on their truck sale lot to sell fast. They may bring you three to six trucks a day if you are dealing with a bulk truck dealer.

    These customers will want the interiors to be reclaimed, the chassis degreased, and the paint looking like new. They’ll also want the aluminum and chrome to shine like there’s no tomorrow. But for this you can charge them $ 600 and now you are beginning to see why the truck detail business can be so lucrative. But keep in mind that it is not an easy business as it is labor intensive. However, a trucking detail business is on the top 10 list of small businesses you can start in trucking. So consider this in 2006.

    The Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat is a version of the 2015 Dodge Challenger with a 6.2-liter HEMI supercharged engine rated at 707 hp (527 kW) and 650 lb ·ft (881 Nm) of torque. Dodge left the powertrains intact for the Dodge Hellcat Challenger. Hellcat Challenger 2016 is a major salvo in Horsepower Wars, featuring classic muscle car metal and truly amazing engines. This engine is also available in the Dodge Charger SRT Hellcat. The interior driving light on the left front has been removed to allow air to enter the engine, generating more torque, and the wheel wells are different from the standard SRT to accommodate the 20-inch aluminum wheels. This is a very difficult car to launch on a sticky drag track.

    Two types of key fobs used in the 2016 Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat

    The 2016 Hellcat Charger will come equipped with two separate key fobs; Using the “black” remote will limit engine power to 500 horsepower, while the “red” remote will allow full output capability.

    2016 Dodge Challenger Settings and Throttle:

    The aptly named Hellcat has a supercharged 6.2-liter V-8, good for 707 hp and 650 pound-feet, with a six-speed manual or eight-speed automatic. The automatic is faster, hitting 60 mph in 3.6 seconds, while the manual is more fun and remains fast at 0-60 in 3.9 seconds. The Hellcat has a quarter mile time of 10.85 seconds; this was accomplished with street legal drag tires. On stock tires, the Hellcat was able to hit 11.2 seconds at 125 mph in the quarter mile. The Challenger SRT Hellcat can accelerate from 0 to 60 in 3.6 seconds and can brake from 60 to 0 in 109.0 feet. Top speed is 199 mph to 202 mph. The Challenger Hellcat has a lateral acceleration of 0.94 g.

    Let’s talk about acceleration, if you hit the gas correctly, the Dodge Challenger Hellcat offers some really amazing acceleration, which is much faster than what can be achieved with its built-in launch control function. 0-60 mph occurs in 3.6 seconds, 100 mph increases in 7.8 seconds, and the quarter mile is covered in 11.7 seconds at 126 mph, with the challenging Hellcat’s massive supercharger moaning like a hive of angry bees the entire time. Although the acceleration runs from standstill in the Hellcat are impressive. Acceleration from top gear from 30 to 50 mph and from 50 to 70 mph occurs in 1.8 and 2.3 seconds. The big coupe squats back, the transmission quickly drops to a lower gear, and the car shoots forward, its rear tires skidding and struggling to maintain contact with the road.

    Dodge Challenger Hellcat Engine:

    A more tame Hellcat challenge experience can be found on the car’s standard 8.4-inch connection touchscreen infotainment system “SRT Performance Pages”. Here, car owners can adjust the Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat’s dampers, traction control, shifting, and horsepower settings. The last feature offers options to keep the barn doors open and let the 707 horsepower run wild or to corner 207 of those ponies. The same settings can be accessed by swapping between the Hellcat’s red and black proximity keys; the first defaults to high power mode and the second to the least powerful option. Either way, the Hellcat is still a handful.

    Engine power can leave the impression that the 2016 Hellcat Charger has created a one-trick pony car, all about epic straight-line jerks, the two-door proves to be a decent companion on twisty roads, as long as you keep the same. pace a few notches below total. You wouldn’t expect it, as the 6.2’s iron block contributes to putting nearly 57 percent of the Hellcat’s 4,493-pound curb weight on its front wheels. But the well-ordered suspension of the Challenger Hellcat and the fast and relatively communicative steering rack keep you in control during corners. Both suspension and steering can be adjusted between Street, Sport and Track settings within the SRT Hellcat performance pages to suit the conditions and your riding style.

    Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat Specifications and Interior:

    Now let’s get into the car and talk about the interior, the comfortable seats, a modern infotainment system and a decent ride quality make it a pleasant companion for day to day. Tall drivers should avoid the $ 995 moonroof option, as it robs too much headroom. For the record, this SRT Hellcat weighed five pounds more than the 2015 automatic without a moonroof. Save that money to feed the car a consistent diet of premium fuel. In our hands, the Hellcat absorbed one gallon every 13 miles. The EPA rates this version of the automatic transmission at 13 mpg in the city, 22 on the highway. With the standard six-speed manual transmission, the highway rating drops to 21 mpg.

    Dodge Challenger Hellcat Price:

    Dodge raised $ 5,200 to the base price of the automatic Challenger Hellcat for 2016 (and $ 4,300 for the shifter car), more or less keeping to itself the extra profit that dealers had been adding to the price of the 2015 models, which Some buyers were willing to pay for the honor of being an early adopter of Hellcat. To offset the label’s price increase, the 2016 car comes with a standard navigation system and can be equipped with full leather seats at no cost, two popular items that were combined to add $ 2,490 to the 2015 editions. This new SRT Hellcat also brings additional features to the U-connect infotainment system, including customization of the menu bar with drag and drop. Final price is $ 70,775 with automatic transmission, sunroof and summer tires.

    Today changing CV (constant speed) axles is almost as common as doing brake work. But some CV axles can be quite difficult to remove. In this article, learn some of the tricks I’ve used over the years as a Master Tech to make shifting CV and 1/2 axles easier. Sometimes specialized automotive tools are needed to make the job easier, I will discuss some of them and whether it is better to replace the entire axle shaft, gasket, or just the CV boot.

    Clicking Turns

    Since you are reading this, you may already know that a common sign of a bad CV joint is popping and clicking turns. A chill on straight take-offs could be a worn internal joint, but this is much less common. The outer joints are the ones with the most movement (such as in turns), which is why outer boots tend to carry more than inner ones. CV boots are designed to pump fat throughout the joint during movement. The wear that makes the outer seals noisy can be accelerated if the CV boot is broken by dry rot or wear and the lubricating grease is lost. If the CV trunk breaks, the grease comes out of the gasket by centrifugal force while driving. With no grease to keep the joint lubricated and cooler, its life is drastically reduced. In addition, external elements such as moisture and dirt can enter the gasket, further reducing its service life. Once they wear out, they make a clicking noise when turning as they accelerate. If they are noisy, the 1/2 shaft assembly may be the easiest way to go rather than just replacing the gasket. 1/2 CV axle prices have dropped in the last decade and are more available than ever.

    Removing the half shaft assembly

    The job of removing axle shafts on most cars is pretty much the same.

    1. Remove the large nut that secures the link to the wheel hub.
    2. It may be necessary to unscrew or unhook the brake hose to prevent it from stretching when removing the axle.
    3. The steering knuckle (where the brake rotor is mounted) must be loosened at the strut mount or lower ball joint to allow the axle to slide out of the hub. Choose the easiest!
    4. The internal CV will be attached to the transmission by bolts or a retaining clip (clip not visible).
    5. If there are no bolts in the inner gasket, in most cases it will be necessary to pry with a pry bar.
    6. Alternatively, a slide hammer with a CV joint puller can be used to remove the inner joint from the transmission.

    Boot inspection and replacement

    You may be able to detect and replace worn boots before CV joint damage occurs. If the boot has dry rot and is about to crack or has recently split. And the CV joint still doesn’t make any noise, you caught it in time. The CV axle shaft assembly can be removed and of course only the boot can be replaced with new grease. The CV starter kit also comes with two clamps and special grease. It is less expensive to restart a joint, but requires a little more labor. On cars that I was familiar with, many times I changed the CV boot without completely removing the axle from the car. However, the axle is usually removed and placed for the purpose of work. The old boot is cut away to help reveal what type of retaining clip holds the gasket on the 1/2 shaft.

    When using a cleaner, such as clean brake and the joint is at an angle, it is easier to see the clip. The joint may need to be rotated while held at an angle to view the clip. Most require lock ring pliers to extend the lock ring or the joint can be struck hard with a hammer (care must be taken not to damage the cage). If in doubt about the type of retainer you are working with, consult a service manual for your specific model. Note that ball bearings can fall out when the gasket is off the shaft and the cage is turned sideways, depending on the type. After cleaning and drying with compressed air, the grease bag can be cut at the corner and the grease is squeezed out in the middle of the joint. It is common to expel some of the old fat that was trapped by doing this. Collect and discard any old grease that may leak. Replace the boot and gasket on the shaft by extending the clip or tapping with a brass hammer. Special CV joint boot clamp tools will be needed to tighten the bands properly. There are two basic types of clamps. There is a type that is crimped with boot clamp pliers. The other type requires a banding tool, this type rolls up and tightens with the same motion as you would with a can opener.

    A common mistake is damaging the output seal in the transmission when removing or reinstalling the shaft. Damaged seal will cause transmission fluid leak. Take care to center the inner gasket when replacing it. Also a mistake even professionals make is breaking the cir-clip that holds the shaft in the transmission or not installing the shaft completely INSIDE. It is normal to feel a little inward and outward movement when pushing and pulling the inner gasket when properly installed. If the retaining clip is broken or not fully inserted, the axle can slide far enough that the car won’t move. Also, if you hit the shaft again in the transmission, be careful not to damage the outer threads. Remember, if this is your first axle job, feel free to have an experienced friend on duty!

    Burmester Audiosysteme GMBH are manufacturers of handcrafted audio components for high-end vehicles.

    Founded in 1977, Burmester Audiosysteme has been manufacturing high-end audio components to the highest quality standards. Since the company’s inception, its goal has been “to create a perfect combination of the highest quality sound, technological innovation and timeless design.” All Burmester components are handcrafted and assembled in their Berlin factory. “Made in Germany” is a label that Burmester takes very seriously. Burmester’s research and development department strives not only to keep up with the latest developments, but also to set its own trends and standards.

    Many people spend a significant amount of time in their cars, perhaps even more time than they spend sitting in their living rooms at home. For many people, their car is more than a means of getting from point A to point B, it is a mobile haven where they can forget about their worries and anxiety and just relax. This is the reason why some drivers increasingly appreciate a comfortable and relaxed environment in their cars. For many, the sound of music can contribute significantly to making driving a much more enjoyable experience.

    Burmester’s first major foray into the automotive industry was the result of a challenge to install a high-end sound system in a vehicle. The vehicle was the Bugatti Veyron. For the Bugatti Veyron, Burmester engineers designed a special sound system that required this unusual vehicle. The Bugatti Veyron required a system that had to meet very demanding and specific requirements. Unlike a normal production car, the method of integrating a complete sound system into the Bugatti was challenging. Both the Burmester and Bugatti teams tried to find the best arrangement for all the car’s components. This process was carried out and taken into account while the monocoque chassis was still being developed. Such close cooperation in the early design stages of the Bugatti allowed for the best overall system design and performance. Throughout this process, many aspects of the system were changed, including the audio controls, which were completely redesigned. This change allowed the driver to use them effortlessly, especially at high speeds.

    After his first successful partnership with Bugatti, Burmester was able to acquire a contract to work with Porsche. The exciting cooperation experiences of these two projects have enabled Burmester to set new global standards for the automotive industry. Burmester’s high-end surround sound system was introduced alongside the Porsche Panamera ($ 5,890 option) and has since become the benchmark for factory-installed and integrated car audio systems. The Burmester system was progressively added to other models in the Porsche line, including the Porsche Cayenne ($ 5,690 option) and the iconic Porsche 911 sports car ($ 5,010 option). Intensive research and development has made it possible to transfer Burmester’s long experience of providing high-end living room sound to the automotive industry.

    Some facts and figures about the system installed in the Panamera. The system features sixteen speakers throughout the luxurious interior of the Panamera and has a total of 372 square inches of radiating surface area. Over 1,000 watts power the drivers while you drive yourself and the drivers. Perhaps most impressive, the entire system only adds 26.5 pounds. That’s a small percentage for a vehicle that weighs more than two tons, but remarkable given the performance potential. The use of materials found in Burmester’s high-end systems certainly adds to the “Burmester DNA” of the vehicle. Listening to music in the car is no longer a compromise. A highly efficient amplification system, lightweight neodymium magnets, equally lightweight aluminum speaker baskets, and various lightweight synthetics are in keeping with the lightweight construction commonly found in sports cars. The Burmester sound system has several innovative ways to enhance individual listening pleasure. For example, on the Panamera and Cayenne, the sound can be optimized for the front or rear seats by simply pressing a button. In Porsche sports cars equipped with a Burmester system, it is possible to select the settings “Soft”, “Live” or “Surround” to obtain the best sound for listening pleasure. The superiority of the system is the net result of countless details and one overriding goal: perfect sound.

    Burmester is now forming partnerships with many other automakers. Mercedes-Benz will offer a Burmester audio system as an option on its next redesigned S-Class.